Webinar 9: Influencing and Leading Others How to influence without positional authority
Thank you for attending our ninth Women in Research 'Small Wins' Webinar
In the webinar, we reflected on how to influence others. To the 213 women who joined us live, thank you so much for your active participation during the webinar. We hope the discussion will inspire you to take the first step towards influencing others.
A very special thank you to ARC Laureate Fellows, Professor Alexandra Aikhenvald (Central Queensland University) and Professor Jolanda Jetten (University of Queensland), who so graciously joined ARC Laureate Fellow Professor Sharon Parker in sharing influencing and persuasion tips, summarised below:
Leadership is not just about positions of authority, it is something we can all do.
Leadership is about influence; research shows that some tactics are more likely to be effective than others.
We tend to have our favourite or go-to influencing strategies, and not necessarily use all of them. Reflect on what you often use, and which tactic you could work on to develop.
When engagement and support drop off in a project, remind yourself that people did agree to doing this and don't feel scared of asking them to do something to move the project on.
Strength is both fragility and humility. The best leaders in the world are able to be competent, but also open to learning and humble.
Maintain your integrity and tact.
Aim to continue contributing to advance your discipline.
Use a values-based approach to influencing and persuasion.
One effective persuasion tactic is to shift the responsibility onto someone who is higher than your boss, and ask their help to ensure processes are adhered to.
Acknowledge that some people never change - you can move on after you have tried being as persuasive and as appealing as you can be.
Alexandra's most inspirational role models are Susan Sontag and Margaret Mead.
Leadership is about connecting with others.
To get people on board, build up teams that have shared goals.
Leadership is not about elevating yourself above others, it is about being one of the group.
As a leader, be honest when you do not understand something, and do not be afraid to show your weakness as it is a sign of strength. Your honesty will be appreciated by others.
The team should see you as one of them. This allows you to be confident and influential, and allows the team to align with the bigger goal that you are striving towards.
If you missed the live event, you can click on the following buttons to view the recording and download the presentation slides, also available on the Being Influential webpage on the Women in Research website.View recording (YouTube)Download presentation slides (PDF)
1. Don’t procrastinate – create the habit to write
i. Schedule distraction-free time to write: For example, Sharon’s Starbuck Strategy: An hour a day, no email & writing only time.
ii. Choose a defensible and biologically realistic time: it has to be something that works for you.
iii. Aim for the same place to create a “stimulus control”: every time you walk in there you know you are going to write.
2. Set up small, trackable writing goals, track your progress (time, words, etc.), and add a contingency (e.g., I can’t enjoy a cup of coffee until I finish my goal)
3. Try writing with others, harness the power of social
i. Build writing groups, could be many types: goal/accountability groups, write-together groups, feedback groups, etc.
4. Adopt a learning mindset
i. Writing is not a fixed ability, where you either can or can’t write. Believe that writing is a craft and can be learned, and everyone can learn and improve.
ii. Avoid a performance goal orientation—if my writing is not good, my supervisor will think I’m not smart…no they won’t
5. If you don’t know where to start, use the “outline view” in Microsoft word, and map out the structure of your piece of writing. That gives you a birds-eye view of what needs to be done and is often less overwhelming than tackling a huge piece of writing.
1. Tame your inner critic
a. The inner critic is never going away
b. We just learn to listen to it less
c. You can acknowledge that it’s there, but you don’t have to listen to that inner critic
2. Convince yourself: Writing is part is our job, we should never feel guilty about doing it. Rather, because it is our job, we better make sure we do a lot of it.
3. “Zoom way in, zoom way out” strategy
a. The most unhelpful level of writing is thinking about how the writing will be received, or whether it will help you get a promotion, etc. Instead, try to:
i. Zoom way in: Focus only on the tasks at hand: “I’m going to read this article, I’m going to have this paragraph done.
ii. Zoom way out: When wrapping up a writing session, think broad: our world, the universe, shift the focus on the bigger things.
4. Focus on the work, not you.
a. Tune down unhelpful thoughts that are associated with judgments about yourself (e.g., What will people think of me if I don’t get this done in time…)
b. Focus on the work: I’m writing because the idea is important, and I need to write about it. After I write it maybe it will change something about the world, etc.
5. Take “advantage” of your mentors; if you don’t feel you have one around, could also try creating a mentoring atmosphere
a. Talk to your mentors about your challenges and getting tips
b. Talk to your mentor to make sure your workload is reasonable
1. We always underestimate how much time it takes to do writing, and it’s true for everyone.
2. The first step is the most difficult. You can’t edit a blank page.
a. Start with an empty word doc and just slowly build stuff in, notes and findings, etc.
b. Then print it out and mark it up – that gives you time to collect your thoughts and also builds a sense of progress and reduces the fear
c. You don’t have to read everything before you write anything
3. Writing is a difficult activity, and needs deep thought. But you can break it down into small chunks, enabling it to get done.
a. Best time is before you check email. You may decide to build in writing time BEFORE you open your emails for the day.
b. Write early (don’t put it off), write often and look for more resources in local libraries, writing retreats, etc.
c. There’s no substitute for daily writing but writing retreats can be useful to support your regular writing
d. Pomodoro technique is another way to break things down into smaller, more manageable pieces
e. Before you finish your writing session, write tomorrow’s task at the end of the document.
i. That gives you a starting point for your next session, which can take away the fear of the unknown
4. What if you get stuck? (e.g., I don’t know why I find this topic so difficult)
a. Give yourself a break (walking etc) to clear your mind.
b. Write your train of thought, how you feel about the topic etc. This style of writing gets words onto paper and is a great way to understand where the difficulties lie, so that you can tackle them.
5. Approach people who could be your mentors. They don’t have to be from your institution.
6. Recommended resources:
a. Local libraries, writing retreats, Pomodoro technique
b. Allegra laboratory: Blog article about the value of taking a slow approach in writing
c. Book: “Every Day I Write the Book - Notes on Style” by Amitava Kumar
Tips on collaborative writing:
1. If you can, choose your co-authors carefully, though this is not always an option
2. Meet early in the project to set expectations
a. keep notes of agreed commitments and circulate them
3. Meet regularly and continue keeping notes and circulating them after your meeting
4. Keep a contingency plan
a. If your co-author is unable to deliver, consider giving them a way out that still maintains your professional relationship without burning bridges.
Read more evidence-based tips on our Strategies for Writing page by clicking here.
Download a copy of the presentation slides by clicking here.